Publications

Publications

Key Figures

Sustainable Use of Forests



2016 2015
PEFC-certified multiple-use forests


Multiple-use forests’ total surface area, ha 5,063,523 4,919,000 1)

of which forest land in multiple-use forests*, ha 3,593,580 3,493,000 1)

of which low-productivity land in multiple-use forests, ha 752,417 722,000 1)

of which non-productive land in multiple-use forests, ha 717,526 704,000 1)





Multiple-use forest in forestry use, ha 3,033,766 3,012,981 1)
Multiple-use forest in restricted forestry use, ha 238,425 261,776 1)

of which sites restricted due to biodiversity, ha 23,868 32,554 1)

of which sites restricted due to reindeer husbandry, ha 7,799 8,001 1)

of which sites restricted in the Sámi Homeland in order to safeguard the preconditions of the Sámi culture, ha 5,496 5,472 1)

of which sites in particularly important recreational use, ha 201,262 215,749 1)

the share of sites in restricted use of the surface area of forest land in multiple-use forests, % 7 7 1)
Multiple-use forest excluded from forestry (no logging/selection cutting), ha 321,389 302,345 1)

of which excluded from use due to biodiversity, ha 187,201 178,872 1)

of which excluded from use due to reindeer husbandry, ha 31,441 32,243 2)

of which in the Sámi Homeland in order to safeguard the preconditions of the Sámi culture, ha 96,914 88,218 1)

of which sites in particularly important recreational use, ha 5,833 3,012 1)

the share of sites excluded from use of the surface area of forest land in multiple-use forests, % 9 8 1)





Multiple-use forests by forest type



Herb-rich forests and herb-rich forests on mineral soils, % 1.6 1 1)

Young forest heaths, % 25.6 23.6 1)

Dry and nutrient-poor pine forests, % 72.8 75.5 1)





Forest resources


Growing stock in multiple-use forests, million m³ 308 307 1)
Growth of multiple-use forests, million m³/year 11 11 1)





Timber harvesting


Share of forest area on which timber is harvested in the year in question, % 2.5 1.7 1)
Quantity of harvested timber, million m³ 6.06 5.86 1)

of which energy wood, m³ 242,500 272,900 1)
Share of harvested timber of the growth in the year, % 55 53.3 1)
Share of intermediate felling of the cutting yield, ha (%) 58.5 53 1)
Share of regeneration felling of the cutting yield, ha (%) 35 41 1)
Share of special fellings of all felling, ha (%) 6.4 6 1)
Proportion of energy wood of harvested timber 4.05 4.66 1)





Forest regeneration


Naturally regenerated regeneration sites, ha (%) 12 7 1)
Regeneration sites regenerated by sowing or planting, ha, (%) 88 93 1)
Soil preparation Nutrient-poor habitats not prepared, on other sites the soil preparation methods employed are as non-invasive as possible Nutrient-poor habitats not prepared, on other sites the soil preparation methods employed are as non-invasive as possible 3)
Buffer zones of water bodies Buffer zone width ranges from 10 to 20 m, depending on the type of water body, ground inclination and soil type Buffer zone width ranges from 10 to 20 m, depending on the type of water body, ground inclination and soil type 3)
Origin of seeds and saplings Native Native 3)





Quality of environmental management in forestry work sites


Quality of environmental management in forestry work sites:



Characteristics of sites of high natural value preserved at work sites, % 98.6 95 4)

Number of valuable retention trees left standing in the regeneration site, trees/ha 11.7 11 4)

Protection of waters in felling sites, rating (scale 1-4) 3.7 3.88 4)

Protection of waters in restoration drainage sites, rating (scale 1-4) 3.66 3.73 4)
Controlled burnings, no 18 18 4)
(Forest fires lit, ha) 33 0.5 4)
Improving the biodiversity of mire habitats, ha in total 418 1204 4)

Restoration of game habitats (REAH), ha 384 467 4)

Other restoration measures, ha 34 737 4)





Ditch drainage


First-time ditching of mires discontinued, year 1994 1994 3)
Restoration drainage of drained mires:



Mire types classified as endangered Excluded from restoration drainage and other measures Excluded from restoration drainage and other measures 3)

Mire types excessively nutrient-poor for timber production Excluded from restoration drainage Excluded from restoration drainage 3)

Mire types with high timber production Restoration drainage performed at 20-30 year intervals Restoration drainage performed at 20-30 year intervals 3)

Protection of waters Water protection plans are drawn up for all restoration drainage sites. Water protection plans are drawn up for all restoration drainage sites. 3)





Fertilisation


Forest vitality fertilisation to improve soil nutrient levels On peatlands, usually artificial fertiliser and wood-based ash On peatlands, usually artificial fertiliser and wood-based ash 3)
Growth-enhancing fertilisation to enhance tree growth On sites where fertilisation yields clear economic benefits, the fertiliser is chosen to suit the site On sites where fertilisation yields clear economic benefits, the fertiliser is chosen to suit the site 3)
Protection of waters Buffer zone left Buffer zone left 3)





Road network and transport


Forest roads on state-owned land, km 38,000 37,000 1)
Share of repaired (renovated) roads, km 625 600 1)
Newly constructed roads, km 190 180 1)
Timber transport volumes:



Road transport, % (million m³) 73.7 (4.53) 77.7 (4.6) 5)

Rail transport, % (million m³) 25.0 (1.54) 21.3 (1.3) 5)

Log floating and ship transport,% (million m³) 1.3 (0.08) 1.0 (0.06) 5)

Total, million m³ 6,150,000 5,924,000 5)





Recreational use of forest roads, % 85 85 6)





Forestry in the Sámi Homeland The principles for forestry and reindeer husbandry are agreed in negotiations between Metsähallitus, the Sámi Parliament and the Skolt Village Council. The principles for forestry and reindeer husbandry are agreed in negotiations between Metsähallitus, the Sámi Parliament and the Skolt Village Council. 3)
Of the Sámi Homeland:



In forestry use, % 8 8 1)

In restricted forestry use, % 8 8 1)

Excluded from forestry use, % 84 84 1)
Logging performed in Upper Lapland, share of the region’s total surface area, % 1.12 0.14 1)










* Productive forestry land is classified on the basis of Nordic growth categories of forestry land: on forest land, the average annual growth of the tree stock is at least 1 m³/ha; on low-productivity land, 0.1–1 m³/ha and on non-productive land, less than 0.1 m³/ha.










Source


1) Geographic information system Silvia


2) Geographic information system Uljas


3) Environmental Guidelines for Practical Forest Management


4) Environmental monitoring in forestry


5) Forestry reporting system


6) Report on the use of the forest road network (2014 Kainuu, 2015 Southern Finland)